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Friends dating angola

Before that date, fighting had broken out between the three major nationalist parties: the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), MPLA, and UNITA.

Although the slave trade was stopped in the 1880s, internal slavery continued into the twentieth century.

After the Conference of Berlin, Portuguese colonialism took on a very different character.

About a million residents have died because of the war.

Nonetheless the population has increased considerably. In 1973 there were 5.6 million residents; by 1992 that number had risen to 12.7 million.

The Kongo, Ndongo, and Ovimbundu kingdoms had early contact with the Portuguese, who in the sixteenth century created colonies on the coast.

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Wars fought against the immigrant Portuguese, such as that waged by Queen Njinga of the Ndongo kingdom, often have been interpreted in a nationalistic framework.Angola has a young population, over 45 percent of which is below fifteen years of age. Over the years, the urban population has grown strongly and more than half the people now live in towns. Many Angolans are bilingual, speaking Portuguese and one or several African languages.The capital, Luanda, has drawn in many immigrants—a quarter of all residents now live there. In nearly all cases this is a Bantu language; those speaking a Khoisan language number less than 6,000.Also, the numbers fluctuate as people attempt to flee when the fighting is intense and return when the fighting has calmed down.It is estimated that in May 2000, 350,700 Angolans lived outside the country and another 2.5 million to 4 million were displaced within the national borders.For centuries the communities in this area were affected by the Atlantic slave trade.Portuguese, mestiço, (person of mixed descent) and African merchants and middle men sold millions of slaves who were transported to the Americas on Dutch and Portuguese vessels.It is difficult to obtain reliable information because the war precludes research in many areas. Angola is a country of 482,625 square miles (approximately 1.25 million square kilometers) in western Africa, south of the Equator.There are great variations in climate and geography, including rain forests in the north, drier coastal lands, the fertile central highlands, sandy soils in the east, and desert zones in the Kunene (Cuene) and Kuando Kubango provinces.Since 1961, war has destroyed cultural institutions, forced people to flee, and divided the territory between the belligerent.Thus one cannot speak of a single national culture.

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